The Roman Forum: The Beating Heart Of The EmpireRome, Italy
The Romans called it Forum Magnum, the Great Forum, with good reason, since it was the center of all political, juridical, religious and economic activity. Some of the greatest events in the history of Ancient Rome took place among the buildings we’ll encounter on our tour, as we set out on a stirring journey straight to the heart of Ancient Rome.
1. The Temple of SaturnThe worship of god Saturn was central in ancient Rome. You see, the Romans loved being lush and this was the god of wealth and plenty. During the Saturnalia, some strange things happened in the city...
2. The House of the VestalsThe Vestals were priestesses who had dedicated their life to Vesta. They enjoyed great privileges but there were certain rules they had to comply with. In case of wrongful act, death was their punishment.
3. The Temple of Venus and RomaIt seems that constructing a temple of dual worship was somehow challenging for Emperor Hadrian. When he asked the renowned architect Apollodorus to give his opinion something terrible happened.
A Treasury and News Feed
The Temple of SaturnIn Roman Mythology Saturn’s reign was a period of plenty and peace, a golden age. Thus, it shouldn’t be surprising to hear that his Temple was actually the state treasury. It also housed the public archives, the State insignia, and the official scales used to weigh metals, while outside the temple, on the stone podium that supports the entire structure, there’s a series of holes, where laws and public announcements were posted. It was, in fact, an ancient News Feed!
The Ever-Burning Fire
The House of the VestalsDedicated to the goddess Vesta, patroness of hearth and home, whose sacred fire represented security and stability for Rome and the State, the House of Vesta was connected to the Temple of Vesta. The two buildings formed a single space called Atrium Vestae. The Vestals (the only female priestesses in Roman society) guarded the goddess’ sacred fire and made sure it never went out. They worked in the Temple and lived in the House throughout the long years of their service to the goddess.
He Had it Coming
The Temple of Venus and RomaSometimes it’s wise to keep your opinion to yourself; such was the case with Apollodorus of Damascus, the famous Roman architect, who was once asked to have a look at Emperor Hadrian’s architectural designs. You see, Emperor Hadrian who was among the architects of the Temple, decided to send his designs to Apollodorus to share his inputs. Apollodorus was very forward in saying he did not appreciate it at all, that the design was full of faults and that the cells were too small for the statues of the goddesses. He said that if the two goddesses wanted to stand up from their thrones and take a stroll, they would have been trapped in those small cells being unable to move. Hadrian wasn’t so democratic after all and got so offended that he exiled Apollonius and then had him killed.
Contributors and Bibliography
|Address||On Via dei Fori Imperiali in Largo della Salara Vecchia 6|
|Starting point||Entrance on Via dei Fori Imperiali|
|Finishing point||Inside the archaeological site|
|Areas||Basilica Aemilia, Comitium and Curia, Arch of Septimius Severus, Temple of Saturn, Main Square, Via Sacra, Temple of Caesar, House of the Vestals, Basilica of Maxentius, Arch of Titus, Temple of Venus and Rome|
|Opening hours||8.30-16.30 (January 2 through February 15) 8.30-17.00 (February 16 through March 15) 8.30-17.30 (March 15 through the last Saturday of the month) 8.30-19.15 (Last Sunday in March through 31 August) 8.30-19.00 (September 1 to September 30) 8.30-18.30 (October 1 to last Saturday of the month) 8.30-16.30 (Last Sunday in October through December 31)|
|Additional admission||Ticket: 14 euro|
|Comments||Directions to starting point The metro station “Colosseo” of Line B is only a few steps away. There are also several bus lines, that will bring you very close to the Forum, including the lines 51, 85, 75, 85, 87, 117 and 18 with bus stops in the Via dei Fori Imperiali and the lines 40, 60, 80, 780, 781 and 916 which have bus stops at Piazza Venezia.|
Why take a self-guided tour?
This is a self-guided tour based on the award-winning storytelling concept developed by Clio Muse and the fascinating narratives prepared by our handpicked destination experts.
You can enjoy each multilingual tour by using your smartphone or tablet at your own pace even if you are offline. The interactive map on your screen will guide you step-by-step as you explore all points of interest along your route. Each stop comes with a selection of our signature stories allowing you to tailor the tour experience to your personal interests and schedule.
After downloading Clio Muse app, you can access this tour and activate it any moment you wish and also repeat it any time. To best enjoy our multimedia self-guided tour (comprising maps, video, audio and text) we recommend the use of headphones.