Rome architecture tour | The genius Borromini (Copy)
Rome: Borromini, the Insufferable Genius Tour is an inspiring self-guided audio tour in the heart of Rome. Discover credible and original stories written by top local professionals and explore the history of architecture in Rome. Take your tour now and enjoy it instantly on your smartphone device.
The tour celebrates the rivalry between Borromini and Bernini as they both strove to become the pre-eminent architect in Rome. Borromini’s life was defined by this rivalry. According to the latter “in architecture, one should be guided by the human body, but Borromini must have been inspired by chimaeras.” Borromini’s work was admired by few and his personality by none. Even he seemed utterly unsatisfied with himself.
The tour follows the life of Borromini from his birth to his suicide and employs iconic buildings in Rome (both churches and palaces) to demonstrate the guiding principles of his architectural style and the influence exercised on his work by the rivalry of Bernini and his difficult relationships with his patrons and the Roman society at large.
The tour begins at St. Peter’s Basilica and its impressive baldachin, the large sculpted bronze canopy produced by the combined efforts of Bernini and Borromini. As you walk outside and you stand in the middle of St. Peter’s Square you are invited to consider the difficulties faced by Borromini, a quarrelsome but talented man who was not willing to adjust to the social codes of his time to win the acceptance of potential clients. And yet he managed to change forever the face of Rome, as is evident on the basilica of S. Giovanni dei Fiorentini and the Oratorio dei Filippini where Borromini almost fulfilled his ambition of building a façade from a single piece of terracotta.
Piazza Navona is defined by Borromini’s work and ideas. The beautification of Piazza Navona was instigated by Pope Innocent X and S. Agnese was the final element in the overall plan. The pope entrusted Borromini with the building of the church of S. Agnese in Agone but it was his misfortune to see his work pass into the hands of his great rival, Bernini. One should not fail to study the Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi; a popular story claims that Rio de la Plata seems to struggle to avert his gaze from S. Agnese, as if Bernini wanted to protect him from the sight of his opponent’s façade.
Borromini also excelled in lay architecture. This tour enables you to admire his novel ideas and competent hand in an inspiring assortment of buildings such as Palazzo Barberini, Palazzo Falconieri and the Collegio di Propaganda Fide. It concludes at one of Borromini’s signature works, the innovative concave surface of S. Carlo alle Quattro Fontane.
Saint Peter’s embrace
St. Peter’s Square (redesigned in 1656) is considered Bernini’s most important work. Pope Alexander VII commissioned him to improve and embellish the basilica’s function and aesthetics in accordance with the preexisting buildings. The pope and the architect had to counter the internal intrigues of the papal court. Eventually the square was designed to facilitate the various ceremonies and processions that take place there. The single story reduced the total construction cost and allowed for an unimpeded view of the basilica. The square feels like the embrace of the Roman Catholic Church towards all the faithful.
Tiny, happy person who wanted to be a writer but by accident became an Archaeologist. You will find me in libraries working on my PhD. I am the one with the blue hair.
Piazza San Pietro, Vatican City
Vatican City, Pantheon, Palazzo Barberini, S. Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, Piazza di Spagna
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Why take a self-guided tour?
This is a self-guided tour based on the award-winning storytelling concept developed by Clio Muse and the fascinating narratives prepared by our handpicked destination experts.
You can enjoy each multilingual tour by using your smartphone or tablet at your own pace even if you are offline. The interactive map on your screen will guide you step-by-step as you explore all points of interest along your route. Each stop comes with a selection of our signature stories allowing you to tailor the tour experience to your personal interests and schedule.
After downloading Clio Muse app, you can access this tour and activate it any moment you wish and also repeat it any time. To best enjoy our multimedia self-guided tour (comprising maps, video, audio and text) we recommend the use of headphones.