“The Parthenon through the years” tourAthens, Greece
A fascinating Athens self-guided audio walking tour in Parthenon with credible & original stories written by top local professionals. Enjoy it instantly on your smartphone device.
Parthenon through the years invites you on a journey through space and time, and captivates you with the wealth of stories about Phidias, Pericles, Evliya Çelebi, Morosini, Lord Elgin, and King Otto. Each and every one of them defined how we see the temple and left their mark on the building’s stones and sculptures.
The Parthenon is endowed with architectural and sculptural wonders that impress the visitor; but nothing can compare to the fascinating stories associated with the temple and the people who built it, used it, and abused it. This tour presents the Parthenon through a tour of downtown Athens and offers a comprehensive storyline of its turbulent past.
Marvel at the never-fading beauty of the immortal gods of Mount Olympus who serenely observe you (and the ancient Athenians) from the frieze at the Acropolis Museum. Look up towards the Parthenon and remember the wonder felt by the Muslim traveler who saw before him the most magnificent mosque in the world. Stand on the top of Philopappos Hill and imagine the noise and smoke from the Venetian cannons that blew up the Parthenon. Stroll through Monastiraki and ponder whether the clock donated to the Athenians by Lord Elgin and erected in the middle of Hadrian’s Library was an adequate compensation for the brutal removal of the Parthenon marbles. Finally, enjoy the view of the Acropolis from the Greek Parliament and feel the excitement of the first king of Greece, Otto, as he surveyed the Parthenon daily from his palace.
1. The Monument | Acropolis MuseumThe Parthenon’s significance lies in the message it expresses, its harmonious design, its excellent execution, the quality of the materials used and the uniqueness of its sculptural decoration.
2. The Panathenaic Procession (The Frieze)The Great Panathenaea procession was part of the most important Athenian festival honoring the Goddess Athena. The preparations, the contests, the offerings and Athena’s peplos (robe) are all depicted on the frieze.
3. The battles of the metopesThe four most important mythical battles of ancient Greece are depicted on the metopes. Mythical creatures, gods and men fight for victory.
The political message
The Monument | Acropolis MuseumThe Parthenon sends a political message. Firstly, it suggests that Athens was the city favored by the gods. Secondly, it tries to highlight the origins of the Athenians, and, thirdly, to underline the role of Athens in the wars against mythical and historical enemies. In this way it strives to establish Athens’ hegemony in the Greek world.
Preparing the procession (West Frieze)
The Panathenaic Procession (The Frieze)The west frieze depicts the preparations for the Panathenaic procession in Kerameikos. It is a mélange of calm and intense scenes; horsemen are depicted in conversation, tying their sandals or trying to tame their horses. Each scene is self-contained in one block, evidence that the blocks may have been sculpted prior to being placed on the frieze.
The battles of the metopesThe Giants were a race of oversized and monstrous beings. According to legend, the gods of Olympus felt threatened by the Giants and decided to kill them. However, it had been prophesied that the giants could not die at the hands of the gods unless the latter were aided by a human. So Zeus asked Hercules for his help. The Gigantomachy (“giant battle”) then began and the Giants finally fell to Hercules’ poisoned arrows.
The team behind the stories at Clio Muse consists of a dedicated long-haired art conservator, an inquisitive bespectacled historian, a passionate feminist curator, and a gifted graphic designer with a permanent tan.
|Starting point||15 Dionysiou Areopagitou, Athens (Metro station Acropolis)|
|Finishing point||133 Leof. Vasilisis Amalias, Athina|
|Areas||Acropolis Museum, Philopappos Ηill, Monastiraki Square, Hellenic Parliament|
|Opening hours||Acropolis Museum: Mon. 8.00-16.00, Tue.-Sun. 8.00-20.00, Fri. 8.00-22.00 | Acropolis: Mon. - Sun. 8.00-20.00|
|Additional admission||Acropolis Museum: 5€ General | Acropolis: 20€ General|
Why take a self-guided tour?
This is a self-guided tour based on the award-winning storytelling concept developed by Clio Muse and the fascinating narratives prepared by our handpicked destination experts.
You can enjoy each multilingual tour by using your smartphone or tablet at your own pace even if you are offline. The interactive map on your screen will guide you step-by-step as you explore all points of interest along your route. Each stop comes with a selection of our signature stories allowing you to tailor the tour experience to your personal interests and schedule.
After downloading Clio Muse app, you can access this tour and activate it any moment you wish and also repeat it any time. To best enjoy our multimedia self-guided tour (comprising maps, video, audio and text) we recommend the use of headphones.